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Delhi : Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb Tughlaqabad Fort and Adilabad Fort

Monday, February 29, 2016

Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb is located very close to Adilabad Fort and Tughlaqabad Fort on the  Mehrauli Badarpur Road. The closest railway and metro station being Tughlaqabad.
Entrance to Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
 After visitng the Tughlaqabad Fort we decided to visit the tomb. 

The Tomb is located just opposite to the Entrance to Tughlaqabad Fort, The Mehrauli Badarpur Road, divides the two. A narrow passage made of stone leads to the Tomb from the Mehrauli Badarpur Road. 
History of Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
The Entry ticket is common for both Tughlaqabad Fort and the tomb. 

The  boundary of the Tomb is constructed like a fort, the stones used are similar to the ones used in the construction of the forts around it. 
Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
The tomb of Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq was built by he himself in 1328, he was the founder of the Tughluq dynasty. Initially this place was a rocky island surounded by a huge reservoir and had a causeway that connected it to Tughlaqabad Fort. The tomb is pentagonal in shape and is built with fort like walls all around it, it had bastions too at the entrance of it. 

Akbar was another great Emperor who had designed and built his own tomb in Sikandra. 
Fortification of Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
The tomb accomodates graves of Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq , his wife and son. The tomb is designed in Indo Islamic architecture. The tomb is made of red sandstone and white marble. The shape of the tomb structure is that of a pyramid. Broad at the bottom and tapers at the top. with a marbled dome to  cover it. 
Me outside Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
It as a nicely trimmed green grass around it. The walls around it, have got small arched doors, which could be used as resting places or for accomodation. They offered us good relief from the hot sun. 
Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb
Apart from the tomb, it also houses cell and the Tomb of Zafar Khan. Infact the tomb of Zafar Khan was built  much before the tomb of Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq. Zafar Khan was a general in Delhi Sultanate who conquered many terrotories, but died in battle. 
Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb from Adilabad Fort
Again not many people visit this place, we then headed off to see Adilabad Fort, located a couple of kilometres away.  

Delhi : Tughlaqabad Fort near Adilabad Fort and Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Tughlaqabad Fort is located very close to Adilabad Fort  and Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb on the Mehrauli Badarpur Road. The closest railway and metro station being Tughlaqabad. 
Entrance to Tughlaqabad Fort


This huge fort is clearly visible when travelling on the Mehrauli Badarpur Road. The walls are made of stone. A small narrow path leads to the entrance of the fort. 

This was the third city of Delhi and was constructed by Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq founder of the Tughluq dynasty in AD 1321 to 1325. It served two purposes ie. it was a defensive site and capital to Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq. To read more about the history refer to photo below.
History of Tughlaqabad Fort
The fort walls is made up of huge rectangular stone blocks, placed one above the other. Not sure if any adhesive was used, but most had remained in that position for centuries. 

The fort has huge bastions around it, something similar to Sindhudurg and Murud Janjira (forts in Maharashtra). 
Map of Tughlaqabad Fort
Looking at the fort, it looks like portions of it have been restored. To this Rohan informed me that it was restored when the Common Wealth Games were held in Delhi. 
Bastion and fortification of Tughlaqabad Fort
Here is a layout of the Tughlaqabad Fort. What stands now is just ruins. It has got many structures in broken condition across the fort premises. It was just two of us here. We started exploring the fort block by block.
Structures within Tughlaqabad Fort
We located this stone wheel which was used for grinding purposes. It used to run on the circular track wherein the stuff to be grinded was placed. Have seen such stone wheel atop Visapur Fort and Tikona fort in Maharashtra. 

We then reached the under ground passages, There were series of rooms next to the passage, not sure why this was created. 
Grinding stone and ruins around
We then climbed up the topmost part of the fort and located may square shaped walled structures throughout the fort premises, maybe these were used for residential purposes, but today just the walls stand, no ceiling. Adhesive was used to fix these stone blocks to each other is clearly visible here. Raigad in Maharashtra too has got similar structures atop it.  
Underground passage within the fort premises
There is hardly any shade atop the fort premises, so get ready to be baked in the sun, in case you don't have protection. Certain portions of the fort are well maintained, others there are thorny shrubs all over. The fort offers a wonderful view of the area around, no wonder it was used as a defensive site. 

There is also a rockcut baoli or well in the fort premises, something similar to Rajon ki Baoli and Gandhak ki Baoli in Mehrauli archaeological park. It was dry but a series of steps led to the bottom of it. 
Ruined structures within fort premises
As we started to explore the portion of the fort beyond the Baoli, we were warned by the caretaker, not to go there. "Waha lootere hai" meaning there are robbers there, as it was just the two of us, who were exploring the fort, we decided not to venture in there.
Structures atop the fort

Ruins atop the fort
Certain portions of this huge fort remained unexplored, primarily due to the fear of robbers or due to rough vegetation that made it impossible  to visit it. But had a great time exploring what we managed to explore. 

Rock cut step well in fort premises
We then headed off to see Ghiyas Ud Din Tughluq's Tomb and Adilabad Fort.

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